Training for security guards was mandated by the Security Guard Act of 1992.
The Act requires that all security guards complete three training courses.
Armed guards are required to complete two additional training courses. All
courses must be conducted at approved training schools, by certified
instructors. The Division of Criminal Justice Services, Office of Public
Safety provides administrative oversight for private security training in
New York State.
Eight Hour Pre-Assignment Training course.
This is a general introductory course. Upon successful completion of this
course the guard is issued a training certificate. This certificate must
accompany the security guard's registration application when submitted to
the Department of State. Once the application is submitted, the guard has 90
days to complete the second training course.
16 Hour On-the-Job Training course (OJT).
This training program should be relevant to the guard's duties, requirements
of the work site, and the needs of the employer. Schools may conduct this
training in an approved classroom setting or at an approved work site which
is conducive to learning.
Eight Hour Annual In-service course.
This training must be completed each calendar year following
completion of the 16 Hour OJT course. This program is designed to meet
current training needs and refresh or update guards in changes in the
security field. The guard must complete this course as a prerequisite for
renewal of his or her guard registration.
47 Hour Initial Firearms Training course.
Guards who carry firearms are required to complete a 47 Hour Firearms course
before they can be licensed as an armed security guard. This course includes
seven hours of classroom instruction in the Use of Force (NYS Penal Law Art.
35) followed by a written examination, and 40 hours on the firing range
followed by weapons qualification. Upon successful completion of this course
the guard is issued a training certificate. This certificate must accompany
the security guard's registration application when submitted to the
Department of State.
8 Hour Annual Firearms Course
Armed guards must also complete an Annual Eight Hour Firearms Training
course which includes three hours of classroom refresher on the Use of Force
followed by a written examination, and five hours of weapons qualification
which includes a proficiency examination. The guard must complete this
course as aprerequisite for renewal of his or her armed guard registration.
40 Hour New York State Enhanced Security Guard Course
The Enhanced Security Guard Program is intended to support and complement
the current security guard training and counter terrorism efforts in the
State of New York. Through this program, security guards will gain an
increased level of training and knowledge pertaining to security concerns
and terrorism related issues in support of their role as security
specialists and the responsibilities inherent within the purview of their